In South Africa, the rules and regulations for cycling include the following:
- Bicycle Safety Equipment: Cyclists must wear a properly fitted helmet while riding a bicycle on public roads. The helmet should comply with recognized safety standards.
- Traffic Laws: Cyclists are subject to the same traffic laws and regulations as other vehicles on the road. This includes obeying traffic signals, stop signs, and road signs.
- Road Position: Cyclists should ride as near to the left-hand side of the road as practicable, allowing sufficient space for safe passage. However, cyclists may move further into the lane when it is unsafe for vehicles to pass or when making left turns.
- Hand Signals: Cyclists must use appropriate hand signals to indicate their intentions when turning or changing lanes. Extend the left arm horizontally to indicate a left turn, and extend the right arm horizontally to indicate a right turn.
- Reflectors and Lights: Bicycles must be equipped with front white and rear red reflectors for increased visibility. When cycling at night, bicycles must also have front and rear lights that are visible from a distance.
- Passing and Overtaking: Cyclists should pass on the right side of other vehicles, and when being overtaken by a vehicle, they should not move suddenly or unpredictably.
- Cycling in Groups: Cyclists riding in groups should keep to a maximum of two abreast and not unnecessarily obstruct traffic flow. Single file riding is recommended on narrow roads or when traffic conditions require it.
- Cycle Lanes: When cycle lanes are provided, cyclists should use them if it is safe to do so. However, they are not obligated to use cycle lanes if they prefer to ride on the main road.
It is important for cyclists to adhere to these rules and exercise caution while riding on public roads to ensure their safety and the safety of others.